Ocean waves are caused by wind moving across the surface of the water. The friction between the air molecules and the water molecules causes energy to be transferred from the wind to the water. This causes waves to form.
Jan 21, 2020 · What would happen if the ocean became too warm and the ice did not form? As Earth gets warmer, less ice forms in the Arctic each winter and more ice melts in the summer. How are these changes in the ocean's surface temperature and saltiness—or salinity—affecting the ocean currents? How is the melting and heating affecting the average sea level? Ocean currents arise in several ways. For example, wind pushes the water along the surface to form wind-driven currents. Over larger areas, circular wind patterns create hills and valleys on the ocean sur-face. In these areas, the balance between gravity and Earth’s spin causes geostrophic currents to flow.